Have you ever wondered how is software developed? When you use your mobile phone for chatting with someone, you use software that is created by a team of specialists. The same happens when you use your PC and play games, write work emails, check the calendar. All these are part of the software development area.
What is software development?
The creation of software is a complex activity that requires the completion of many steps before an idea turns into a finished product. This includes several processes: creating, designing, deploying, and supporting the final product. A number of specialists are involved in every process. Everyone gets their share of work: developers, engineers, programmers, designers, testers, and many others. If you want to be a specialist in one of these fields, you must know the answer to “What are the types of software development?”.
10 types of software development
There are many different areas of software development that require various skills and knowledge. That is why an explanation above is somewhat general. A better understanding is required to understand each process. The 10 existing types of software development are:
- Web development
- Mobile development
- Data science
- Application development
- Back-end development
- Software tools development
- API development
- Embedded systems development
- Security software development
- Cloud computing
Below you will find a brief description of each field with the required knowledge and skills.
1: Web development
If you are reading this material, this means that you are currently using a smartphone, tablet, or PC to access the web via a browser. What you now see is the result of the work of the web development department.
Modern websites are not a raw piece of code that can only show information. The usage of APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) allows websites to provide more features. This can be a minigame, interactive menu, etc.
2: Mobile development
Do you remember mobile phones 10 years ago? Now, compare them with what we have now. Mobile development, also called “app development”, is very relevant now. This field involves the creation of software for mobile devices like iPhones, Android phones and tablets, and everything that is related to the field.
Basically, you can create anything. These can be simple mobile games like “Snake” or complex banking apps. Your imagination is the only limit.
The skills that are required in this area are the knowledge of Android, Swift, Objective C, HTML5, Java, and others. Once again, knowing each of these is not important to be a successful developer.
3: Data science
There has been a lot of talk about the value of data in the last years. If you do not know what to do with it, then it is useless to you. However, if you are a data scientist, you can apply this knowledge to various fields. Having a data science department in a company helps to grow its everyday business. Also, this field is used to develop AI software, so it can “learn correctly”.
A successful specialist in this field knows C/C++, MATLAB, Python and is an analytical person.
4: Application development
This is often referred to as the foundation of programming. This is where the applications that you use every day on your computer at home or work are developed. Depending on your skills, you can work with such operating systems as Windows, Mac, or Linux.
There are a lot of things you need to know here, but the basics are Java, C/C++, Python, and VB.NET.
5: Back-end development
Everything that you see when you use a website or an app is the front-end. All the processes that you do not see and operate in the background are called the back-end. A good back-end makes sure that the software works fast and does not freeze.
In short, the back-end has a server, application, and database. Whenever an app gets very slow or crashes a lot, this usually shows that there is a problem with the back-end.
Some of the things you will have to do also include database management. Imagine huge companies like Facebook with all the data they have. It has to be sorted in some way so that everything would work properly. Yes, this is part of the back-end job.
There are a lot of things that you must know and these include Java, (my)SQL, Oracle, dBase, Python, C/C++.
6: Software tools development
In simple words, this is where people create platforms for code testing and setting industry standards. Creating such software is a very complicated task, but it is a regular thing for large companies like Microsoft and Google.
The list of required skills is not that big:
Of course, there may be others, but these skills are required in most software tools development jobs.
7: API development
If you were attentive, you must have already seen that we have mentioned APIs or Application Programming Interfaces before. These are programs that are made by one group of developers that involve standard procedures, tools, and processes, so other groups of developers can use them for their own software.
What you need to know here is more complex because it includes various programming languages for the platforms APIs are designed for.
8: Embedded systems development
As more and more things are getting connected to the internet, the development of embedded systems gets its own share of popularity. In this field, you will have to deal with software development for embedded systems like Arduinos and others. It is specialized for the software that your PC or device runs on.
To make a living from this field, you need to know Embedded C, Assembler, Python, Arduino, Java, and others.
9: Security software development
Everyone has heard of hacking. Yes, it is a related term to security. However, that’s not really software development, is it? Well, the point is that security is at the top of the list in the IT world. Testers and cyber-security specialists work together to find breaches in security systems and protect the data of the companies they work with.
Once the cyber-security team creates the software that protects the company’s assets and information, testers try to penetrate the system and find vulnerabilities. This makes the job for real hackers more complicated and ensures the safety of important data.
The skills and knowledge that are required depend on the systems you will have to work with.
10: Cloud computing
Almost every person that actively uses a computer or smartphone has heard about cloud storage. That is one of the things cloud computing works with. Examples are OneDrive, GitHub, and others. All the processes that are related to this area are developed by cloud computing experts.
The required knowledge involves Java, Google’s Go!, XML, Erlang, and many others.
The bottom line
We have described the 10 different types of software with a brief explanation of the included processes and required skills. Usually, each includes a whole structure of processes with different activities: development, design, testing, and more. The field is becoming more and more valued, so are you in?