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Web application architecture: What it is, types, and components

Web application architecture: What it is, types, and components

Do you know what web architecture is? If your answer is a definitive “no”, then you are in the right place.

We shall cover the meaning of web application architecture, its types, and which components it includes. Read on to learn more!

What is web architecture?

In simple words, web architecture is the way applications, databases, and systems interact. Its task is to make sure that these components work together at the same time without errors.

Imagine opening a website. You enter the URL address and click “Enter”. The browser sends a request to the page’s server and receives a set of files as an answer. After that, the browser uses the files to show the resource’s content.

Once all these processes are executed, you can finally interact with the website. It includes all the text, images, videos, buttons, and other fancy stuff the page has to show.

How does web architecture work?

Now that you know that a website is the simplest example of web architecture let us have a broader look at the way this concept works. It consists of two parts:

  • The client-side, meaning that the code is within the browser and is used with the user’s interaction;
  • The server-side, meaning that the code sends responses based on HTTP requests and is server-based.

If you do not know which programming language to use, contact our web development consultants. They will choose the most suitable option for your product. Usually, the languages that are used for the back-end (server-side) are Python, Java, C#, and several others.

Technically, all that is needed is code that can respond to HTTP requests. It recreates the requested pages, stores information, and sends answers to the user’s browser.

Speaking of the front-end (client-side), there is a bigger mix of things here. This includes CSS for presenting the content, HTML for markup, and JavaScript for additional features. Its major difference from the server code is that it can be seen and changed by the user. This code cannot read information from the server directly and only responds to HTTP requests.

What are the types of web application architecture?

As you might have already guessed, there are different types of web architecture. We’ll cover them briefly.

Single Page Apps

Single-page applications are used to display only the most important information to provide the best performance: minimum content and buttons, only maximum use from what is available. The best example of this is landing pages.

They provide dynamic content that updates information on the same page rather than opening a new one. Such a choice is great in terms of user experience and efficiency.

Microservices

The simplest examples of a microservice are Netflix, Uber, taxi apps. Why are they called a “microservice”? That’s because they complete one single function, and that’s it.

The microservice’s framework brings a lot of pros for the developers as it is easier to deploy products that are pretty productive. No specific programming language is required; devs can use whichever choice they see useful.

Serverless

There are different examples of serverless architecture. These include Google Cloud Functions, Microsoft Azure Functions, and others. Basically, this is an approach that is used to move a company’s workload to the provider’s infrastructure. The developers neither create nor manage the servers, so it is a bit simpler for the provider.

What are the components of a web application?

The components of a web application architecture are the following:

  • UI/UX design;
  • Front-end and back-end.

If we look at UI and UX, this is everything related to what the user sees and interacts with. They are more of the visual part. This includes all the buttons, dashboards, settings, and other things a user might see within the web application structure.

Web application architecture: What it is, types, and components

We have already covered the front-end and the back-end of a web application, so there is no need to repeat the information. Scroll up to learn more about them.

Where to hire a web developer?

Web developers build the base of your architecture and create the whole application. Hiring a specialist is quite problematic, especially in 2021, when there are more recruiters than qualified developers.

Here are the general options where a web developer can be found:

  • Freelance platforms like Upwork and Fiverr. Here, you will find the cheapest rates; however, the quality might suffer.
  • Outsourcing and outstaffing agencies. The rates are slightly higher; nevertheless, the specialists are a bit more qualified.
  • The Global Cloud Team. An optimal combination of price and skills. Our developers are fully dedicated to the client’s projects and charge reasonable rates.

If you have no idea how to create your application but know what you want in general, contact us to be consulted.

The bottom line

Web architecture is quite simple once you get to know it.

Things get even simpler when you work with an expert team like the Global Cloud Team!

Ivan Kolesnikov

About the author:

Ivan Kolesnikov

Experienced professional in programming.